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Database

uuid-ossp: Unique Identifiers

The uuid-ossp extension can be used to generate a UUID.

Overview

A UUID is a "Universally Unique Identifier" and it is, for practical purposes, unique. This makes them particularly well suited as Primary Keys. It is occasionally referred to as a GUID, which stands for "Globally Unique Identifier".

Enable the extension

  1. Go to the Database page in the Dashboard.
  2. Click on Extensions in the sidebar.
  3. Search for "uuid-ossp" and enable the extension.

Note: Currently uuid-ossp extension is enabled by default and cannot be disabled.

The uuid type

Once the extension is enabled, you now have access to a uuid type.

uuid_generate_v1()

Creates a UUID value based on the combination of computer’s MAC address, current timestamp, and a random value.

uuid_generate_v4()

Creates UUID values based solely on random numbers. You can also use Postgres's built-in gen_random_uuid() function to generate a UUIDv4.

Examples

Within a query


_10
select uuid_generate_v4();

As a primary key

Automatically create a unique, random ID in a table:


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create table contacts (
_10
id uuid default uuid_generate_v4(),
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first_name text,
_10
last_name text,
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primary key (id)
_10
);

Resources