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Quickstart: Ionic Angular

Intro

This example provides the steps to build a simple user management app (from scratch!) using Supabase and Ionic Angular. It includes:

  • Supabase Database: a Postgres database for storing your user data.
  • Supabase Auth: users can sign in with magic links (no passwords, only email).
  • Supabase Storage: users can upload a photo.
  • Row Level Security: data is protected so that individuals can only access their own data.
  • Instant APIs: APIs will be automatically generated when you create your database tables.

By the end of this guide you'll have an app which allows users to login and update some basic profile details:

Supabase User Management example

Clicking this button the application will:

  • Launch and prepare the Postgres database in Supabase.
  • Launch the app in Vercel.
  • Fork the example into your own GitHub account.
  • Prepare the deployed application with all the necessary environment variables.

If you want to do it yourself, let's get started!

GitHub

Whenever you get stuck at any point, take a look at this repo.

Project set up

Before we start building we're going to set up our Database and API. This is as simple as starting a new Project in Supabase and then creating a "schema" inside the database.

Create a project

  1. Go to app.supabase.com.
  2. Click on "New Project".
  3. Enter your project details.
  4. Wait for the new database to launch.

Set up the database schema

Now we are going to set up the database schema. We can use the "User Management Starter" quickstart in the SQL Editor, or you can just copy/paste the SQL from below and run it yourself.

  1. Go to the SQL Editor page in the Dashboard.
  2. Click User Management Starter.
  3. Click Run.

Get the API Keys

Now that you've created some database tables, you are ready to insert data using the auto-generated API. We just need to get the URL and anon key from the API settings.

  1. Go to the Settings page in the Dashboard.
  2. Click API in the sidebar.
  3. Find your API URL, anon, and service_role keys on this page.

Building the App

Let's start building the Angular app from scratch.

Initialize an Ionic Angular app

We can use the Ionic CLI to initialize an app called supabase-ionic-angular:

npm install -g @ionic/cli
ionic start supabase-ionic-angular blank --type angular
cd supabase-ionic-angular

Then let's install the only additional dependency: supabase-js

npm install @supabase/supabase-js

And finally we want to save the environment variables in the environment.ts file. All we need are the API URL and the anon key that you copied earlier. These variables will be exposed on the browser, and that's completely fine since we have Row Level Security enabled on our Database.

environment.ts
export const environment = {
production: false,
supabaseUrl: 'YOUR_SUPABASE_URL',
supabaseKey: 'YOUR_SUPABASE_KEY',
}

Now that we have the API credentials in place, let's create a SupabaseService with ionic g s supabase to initialize the Supabase client and implement functions to communicate with the Supabase API.

src/app/supabase.service.ts
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core'
import { LoadingController, ToastController } from '@ionic/angular'
import {
AuthChangeEvent,
createClient,
Session,
SupabaseClient,
} from '@supabase/supabase-js'
import { environment } from '../environments/environment'

export interface Profile {
username: string
website: string
avatar_url: string
}

@Injectable({
providedIn: 'root',
})
export class SupabaseService {
private supabase: SupabaseClient

constructor(
private loadingCtrl: LoadingController,
private toastCtrl: ToastController
) {
this.supabase = createClient(
environment.supabaseUrl,
environment.supabaseKey
)
}

get user() {
return this.supabase.auth.user()
}

get session() {
return this.supabase.auth.session()
}

get profile() {
return this.supabase
.from('profiles')
.select(`username, website, avatar_url`)
.eq('id', this.user?.id)
.single()
}

authChanges(
callback: (event: AuthChangeEvent, session: Session | null) => void
) {
return this.supabase.auth.onAuthStateChange(callback)
}

signIn(email: string) {
return this.supabase.auth.signIn({ email })
}

signOut() {
return this.supabase.auth.signOut()
}

updateProfile(profile: Profile) {
const update = {
...profile,
id: this.user?.id,
updated_at: new Date(),
}

return this.supabase.from('profiles').upsert(update, {
returning: 'minimal', // Don't return the value after inserting
})
}

downLoadImage(path: string) {
return this.supabase.storage.from('avatars').download(path)
}

uploadAvatar(filePath: string, file: File) {
return this.supabase.storage.from('avatars').upload(filePath, file)
}

async createNotice(message: string) {
const toast = await this.toastCtrl.create({ message, duration: 5000 })
await toast.present()
}

createLoader() {
return this.loadingCtrl.create()
}
}

Set up a Login route

Let's set up an route to manage logins and sign ups. We'll use Magic Links, so users can sign in with their email without using passwords. Create an LoginPage with ionic g page login Ionic CLI command.

This guide will show the template inline, but the example app will have templateUrls

src/app/login/login.page.ts
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core'
import { SupabaseService } from '../supabase.service'

@Component({
selector: 'app-login',
template: `
<ion-header>
<ion-toolbar>
<ion-title>Login</ion-title>
</ion-toolbar>
</ion-header>

<ion-content>
<div class="ion-padding">
<h1>Supabase + Ionic Angular</h1>
<p>Sign in via magic link with your email below</p>
</div>
<ion-list inset="true">
<form (ngSubmit)="handleLogin($event)">
<ion-item>
<ion-label position="stacked">Email</ion-label>
<ion-input
[(ngModel)]="email"
name="email"
autocomplete
type="email"
></ion-input>
</ion-item>
<div class="ion-text-center">
<ion-button type="submit" fill="clear">Login</ion-button>
</div>
</form>
</ion-list>
</ion-content>
`,
styleUrls: ['./login.page.scss'],
})
export class LoginPage implements OnInit {
email = ''
constructor(private readonly supabase: SupabaseService) {}

ngOnInit() {}
async handleLogin(event: any) {
event.preventDefault()
const loader = await this.supabase.createLoader()
await loader.present()
try {
await this.supabase.signIn(this.email)
await loader.dismiss()
await this.supabase.createNotice('Check your email for the login link!')
} catch (error) {
await loader.dismiss()
await this.supabase.createNotice(error.error_description || error.message)
}
}
}

Account page

After a user is signed in we can allow them to edit their profile details and manage their account. Create an AccountComponent with ionic g page account Ionic CLI command.

src/app/account.component.ts
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core'
import { Router } from '@angular/router'
import { Profile, SupabaseService } from '../supabase.service'

@Component({
selector: 'app-account',
template: `
<ion-header>
<ion-toolbar>
<ion-title>Account</ion-title>
</ion-toolbar>
</ion-header>

<ion-content>
<form>
<ion-item>
<ion-label position="stacked">Email</ion-label>
<ion-input type="email" [value]="session?.user?.email"></ion-input>
</ion-item>

<ion-item>
<ion-label position="stacked">Name</ion-label>
<ion-input
type="text"
name="username"
[(ngModel)]="profile.username"
></ion-input>
</ion-item>

<ion-item>
<ion-label position="stacked">Website</ion-label>
<ion-input
type="url"
name="website"
[(ngModel)]="profile.website"
></ion-input>
</ion-item>
<div class="ion-text-center">
<ion-button fill="clear" (click)="updateProfile()"
>Update Profile</ion-button
>
</div>
</form>

<div class="ion-text-center">
<ion-button fill="clear" (click)="signOut()">Log Out</ion-button>
</div>
</ion-content>
`,
styleUrls: ['./account.page.scss'],
})
export class AccountPage implements OnInit {
profile: Profile = {
username: '',
avatar_url: '',
website: '',
}

session = this.supabase.session

constructor(
private readonly supabase: SupabaseService,
private router: Router
) {}
ngOnInit() {
this.getProfile()
}

async getProfile() {
try {
let { data: profile, error, status } = await this.supabase.profile
if (error && status !== 406) {
throw error
}
if (profile) {
this.profile = profile
}
} catch (error) {
alert(error.message)
}
}

async updateProfile(avatar_url: string = '') {
const loader = await this.supabase.createLoader()
await loader.present()
try {
await this.supabase.updateProfile({ ...this.profile, avatar_url })
await loader.dismiss()
await this.supabase.createNotice('Profile updated!')
} catch (error) {
await this.supabase.createNotice(error.message)
}
}

async signOut() {
console.log('testing?')
await this.supabase.signOut()
this.router.navigate(['/'], { replaceUrl: true })
}
}

Launch!

Now that we have all the components in place, let's update AppComponent:

src/app/app.component.ts
import { Component } from '@angular/core'
import { Router } from '@angular/router'
import { SupabaseService } from './supabase.service'

@Component({
selector: 'app-root',
template: `
<ion-app>
<ion-router-outlet></ion-router-outlet>
</ion-app>
`,
styleUrls: ['app.component.scss'],
})
export class AppComponent {
constructor(private supabase: SupabaseService, private router: Router) {
this.supabase.authChanges((_, session) => {
console.log(session)
if (session?.user) {
this.router.navigate(['/account'])
}
})
}
}

Then update the AppRoutingModule

src/app/app.ts
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core'
import { PreloadAllModules, RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router'

const routes: Routes = [
{
path: '/',
loadChildren: () =>
import('./login/login.module').then((m) => m.LoginPageModule),
},
{
path: 'account',
loadChildren: () =>
import('./account/account.module').then((m) => m.AccountPageModule),
},
]

@NgModule({
imports: [
RouterModule.forRoot(routes, {
preloadingStrategy: PreloadAllModules,
}),
],
exports: [RouterModule],
})
export class AppRoutingModule {}

Once that's done, run this in a terminal window:

ionic serve

And the browser will auomatically open to show the app.

Supabase Angular

Bonus: Profile photos

Every Supabase project is configured with Storage for managing large files like photos and videos.

Create an upload widget

Let's create an avatar for the user so that they can upload a profile photo.

First install two packages in order to interact with the user's camera.

npm install @ionic/pwa-elements @capacitor/camera

CapacitorJS is a cross platform native runtime from Ionic that enables web apps to be deployed through the app store and provides access to native deavice API.

Ionic PWA elements is a companion package that will polyfill certain browser APIs that provide no user interface with custom Ionic UI.

With those packages installed we can update our main.ts to include an additional bootstapping call for the Ionic PWA Elements.

src/main.ts
import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core'
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic'

import { AppModule } from './app/app.module'
import { environment } from './environments/environment'

import { defineCustomElements } from '@ionic/pwa-elements/loader'
defineCustomElements(window)

if (environment.production) {
enableProdMode()
}
platformBrowserDynamic()
.bootstrapModule(AppModule)
.catch((err) => console.log(err))

Then create an AvatarComponent with this Ionic CLI command:

 ionic g component avatar --module=/src/app/account/account.module.ts --create-module
src/app/avatar.component.ts
import { Component, EventEmitter, Input, OnInit, Output } from '@angular/core'
import { DomSanitizer, SafeResourceUrl } from '@angular/platform-browser'
import { SupabaseService } from '../supabase.service'
import { Camera, CameraResultType } from '@capacitor/camera'
@Component({
selector: 'app-avatar',
template: `
<div class="avatar_wrapper" (click)="uploadAvatar()">
<img *ngIf="_avatarUrl; else noAvatar" [src]="_avatarUrl" />
<ng-template #noAvatar>
<ion-icon name="person" class="no-avatar"></ion-icon>
</ng-template>
</div>
`,
style: [
`
:host {
display: block;
margin: auto;
min-height: 150px;
}
:host .avatar_wrapper {
margin: 16px auto 16px;
border-radius: 50%;
overflow: hidden;
height: 150px;
aspect-ratio: 1;
background: var(--ion-color-step-50);
border: thick solid var(--ion-color-step-200);
}
:host .avatar_wrapper:hover {
cursor: pointer;
}
:host .avatar_wrapper ion-icon.no-avatar {
width: 100%;
height: 115%;
}
:host img {
display: block;
object-fit: cover;
width: 100%;
height: 100%;
}
`,
],
})
export class AvatarComponent implements OnInit {
_avatarUrl: SafeResourceUrl | undefined
uploading = false

@Input()
set avatarUrl(url: string | undefined) {
if (url) {
this.downloadImage(url)
}
}

@Output() upload = new EventEmitter<string>()

constructor(
private readonly supabase: SupabaseService,
private readonly dom: DomSanitizer
) {}

ngOnInit() {}

async downloadImage(path: string) {
try {
const { data } = await this.supabase.downLoadImage(path)
this._avatarUrl = this.dom.bypassSecurityTrustResourceUrl(
URL.createObjectURL(data)
)
} catch (error) {
console.error('Error downloading image: ', error.message)
}
}

async uploadAvatar() {
const loader = await this.supabase.createLoader()
try {
const photo = await Camera.getPhoto({
resultType: CameraResultType.DataUrl,
})

const file = await fetch(photo.dataUrl)
.then((res) => res.blob())
.then(
(blob) =>
new File([blob], 'my-file', { type: `image/${photo.format}` })
)

const fileName = `${Math.random()}-${new Date().getTime()}.${
photo.format
}`

await loader.present()
await this.supabase.uploadAvatar(fileName, file)

this.upload.emit(fileName)
} catch (error) {
this.supabase.createNotice(error.message)
} finally {
loader.dismiss()
}
}
}

Add the new widget

And then we can add the widget on top of the AccountComponent html template:

src/app/account.component.ts
template: `
<ion-header>
<ion-toolbar>
<ion-title>Account</ion-title>
</ion-toolbar>
</ion-header>

<ion-content>
<app-avatar
[avatarUrl]="this.profile?.avatar_url"
(upload)="updateProfile($event)"
></app-avatar>

<!-- input fields -->
`

Next steps

At this stage you have a fully functional application!